Periodontitis is a common complaint affecting approximately 50% of U.S. adults over the age of 30 years. It occurs in people who have preexisting gingivitis which is itself caused by the accumulation of bacteria at the gum line (dental plaque). Your gums may begin to form a pocket below the gum line, which traps food and plaque. If left untreated, plaque calcifies to form dental calculus. Dental calculus must be removed completely by the dental hygienist or the dentist in order to treat gingivitis and periodontitis. Proper dental treatment and improved home care can usually help prevent further damage. If left untreated, bone supporting your teeth can be destroyed, causing your teeth to shift or loosen.
How is it Different from a Routine Cleaning?
A Deep Cleaning a.k.a. Scaling & Root Planing is a deep cleaning of the root surfaces to remove plaque and calculus from deep periodontal pockets and to remove bacterial toxins off of the roots. We use a topical anesthetic for a pain free alternative to shots.
A deep cleaning is a procedure designed to help avoid periodontal disease. Periodontal disease is caused by a buildup of calculus, plaque, and stain on the crowns and root surfaces of teeth. It can begin as localized gingival inflammation and progress to serious disease that results in major damage to the soft tissue and the bone that supports the teeth. If periodontal disease is left untreated, it can progress to the ultimate loss of teeth.
In periodontal disease, gingival tissue may detach (pull away) from teeth, and periodontal pockets form. Scaling and Root Planing is intended to provide a healthy tissue environment in which tissues re-adapt to normal tooth surfaces.
Daily oral hygiene is vital in preventing the onset and growth of gum disease. Brushing and flossing keep teeth free from plaque-generating bacteria. In addition it is important to visit the dentist regularly for professional cleanings and examinations.